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STATEMENT AND RECOMENDATION OF THE PEOPLE WHO USE DRUGS FORUM

August 10, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Advokasi, Dokumentasi

STATEMENT AND RECOMMENDATION OF THE PEOPLE WHO USE DRUGS FORUM-PRE CONGRESS ICAAP IX
SANUR BEACH HOTEL, 8 AUGUST 2009

The People who Use Drugs Forum with all clarity is aware that global polical and economical policies are at the root of the problems that have brought social, economical, cultural and health harms towards drug users.

1. The superpower nations are dominating the Asian Pacific region through treaties and agreements at international and regional levels to put pressure upon our governments and determining our Drug Laws;

2. International agreements are made based on interests of political and economical nature, therefore distancing drug use of the Asian Pacific social and cultural context;

3. The greatest harms as results are : imprisonment, extortion and abuse of power – therefore human rights violation, all in the name of drug control

4. Hence, People who use Drugs in Asia Pacific are calling for the reform of drug policies:
a. Demanding for the correction of UN 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances so as it respects human rights and the regionals cultural context.
b. Demanding governments in the region to take serious actions of reforming the current prohibitive drug laws into laws that respects the equality of drug users rights

5. Government should take upon their responsibility as providers of drug related public services therefore ensuring sustainability, local and cultural appropriateness

6. Drug users organized groups must build alliances with other socio-political movements as  a grassroots-based united front against the “War On Drugs” black campaign

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Layanan Kesehatan yang Manusiawi Untuk IDU!

August 08, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Dokumentasi

Oleh Anton Muhajir

Pengguna narkotika, psikotropika, dan zat adiktif lain (Napza) di kawasan regional Asia Pasifik masih menghadapi masalah terkait dengan akses layanan kesehatan. Layanan kesehatan di negara-negara kawasan ini belum menggunakan hak asasi manusia sebagai dasar. Perlu ada kebijakan di tingkat nasional dan lokal selain juga keterlibatan pengguna Napza untuk mewujudkan perubahan layanan kesehatan yang lebih manusiawi pada pengguna Napza.

Masalah ini mengemuka dalam forum diskusi injecting drug user (IDU) bertema Reform: Toward Human Right Based Drug Policy di Sanur Bali pada Sabtu (8/8). Forum para pengguna napza dengan jarum suntik (penasun) dalam rangka The 9th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pasific (ICAAP 9) itu diikuti sekitar 100 orang dari jaringan IDU di Asia dan Pasifik termasuk Australia, India, dan Cina.

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IKON Bali Tuntut Hakim Terapkan SEMA

June 27, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Advokasi

Sekitar 30 korban Narkotika, Psikotropika, dan Zat Adiktif (Napza) yang tergabung dalam Ikatan Korban Napza (IKON) Bali melakukan aksi demonstrasi pada Jumat (26/6) di Pengadilan Negeri (PN) Denpasar. Selain membagi-bagikan bunga mawar pada hakim dan pengunjung PN, mereka juga meminta agar para hakim di PN Denpasar segera melaksanakan Surat Edaran Mahkamah Agung (SEMA) No 27 tahun 2009 tentang penerapan vonis rehabilitasi bagi korban Napza.

Aksi itu sendiri dilakukan untuk menyambut hari Anti Narkotika (HANI) 2009 yang juga hari Anti Penyiksaan yang jatuh pada hari ini, Jumat (26/6).

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Petisi IKON Bali: Segera Terapkan SEMA!!

June 26, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Advokasi

Petisi Ikatan Korban Napza (IKON)
Dalam rangka menyambut Hari Anti Narkotika (HANI)
Dan Hari Anti Penyiksaan 2009

Dari beberapa sumber yang diperoleh pengertian korban adalah orang-orang yang baik secara individual maupun kolektif telah menderita kerugian, termasuk kerugian fisik atau mental, emosional, ekonomi atau ganguan substansial terhadap hak-haknya yang fundamental, melalui suatu perbuatan atau komisi yang melanggar hukum pidana di masing-masing negara, termasuk penyalahgunaan kekuasaan.

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Drug rehabilitation centers under pressure

June 18, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Dokumentasi

by Anissa S. Febrina

During her bleak past – seven hard years as a drug addict – Dania (not her real name) tried all kinds of drugs. She also tried all types of rehabilitation centers.

“The one place I haven’t been to is prison,” said the 35-year-old, who confessed to having her well-off family bail her out to escape the authorities when she was arrested back in 2005.

“There was some agreement and my parents told the officer that they would send me to rehab instead.”

Now, addicts like Dania no longer have to make any such “agreement”, as the Supreme Court has advised judges to send convicted drug users to rehabilitation centers instead of prisons.

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Students,activists demand no discrimination,transparency

May 25, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Dokumentasi, HIV/AIDS

by Luh De Suriyani

Hundreds of students, social workers and NGOs activists celebrated the Nusantara AIDS Vigil (MRAN) 2009 on Saturday night by issuing a five-point statement, demanding that the health institution stops discriminating against people with HIV/AIDS and asking the government to be more transparent in developing AIDS mitigation programs.

The local Drugs’ Victims Association (IKON) initiated the statement in the annual gathering that took place at the Puputan Badung square in downtown Denpasar.

The first point of the statement asked all the relevant government agencies to be more thorough in developing their HIV/AIDS mitigation programs so as to create a more effective and coherent program and to prevent unnecessary duplications and overlappings.

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IKON Bali : Lepaskan Topeng itu!

May 24, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Advokasi

Menyambut Malam Renungan AIDS Nusantara (MRAN) 2009, sekumpulan anak muda yang tergabung dalam Ikatan Korban Napza (IKON) Bali melakukan aksi Topeng. Aksi ini dilakukan bersamaan dengan perayaan MRAN 2009 yang dilakukan oleh Komisi Penanggulangan AIDS (KPA) Kota Denpasar di Lapangan Puputan Badung, Sabtu (23/5).

Tema MRAN 2009 kali ini adalah “Together, We are the Solution”, yang mengandung arti keterlibatan semua pihak. Namun menurut IKON Bali Saat ini banyak bentuk keterlibatan yang dilakukan masih menggunakan “Topeng”.  Akiabtnya penanggulangan HIV dan AIDS akan tersendat-sendat dan diskriminasi pun tidak akan pernah hilang.

Keterlibatan yang diharapkan oleh IKON Bali adalah keterlibatan yang harus didasari oleh hati nurani yang tulus, bukan keterlibatan yang berlindung dibalik “Topeng”. Ini terlihat dalam Petisi yang diserukan oleh IKON Bali dalam acara tersebut.

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Indonesian AIDS policy : “On The Ground” Isn’t as good as “On Paper”

May 13, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Advokasi, Kampanye

by Anton Muhajir
Published at Asia Report

For Agus, fictitious name, the end of life was not the end of a journey. As a former injection drug user (IDU), he faced a new problem when he passed away. Two days ago, the IDU died from complications arising from AIDS. Often in Bali, a person who dies is the responsibility of not only their families, but also of the traditional local community, called banjar.

Normally, this care consists of bathing, burying, cremation, and a traditional farewell ceremony. But not for Agus.  Agus’s body was rejected not only by his family, but by his community, as well.

Fortunately, Agus still had many friends: fellow users and former IDU and people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA).  So, these friends brought Agus’s body back to Sanglah Hospital, the biggest hospital in the Province of Bali, Indonesia, where it was treated.  About a week before, the same story happened with Budi (not real name), another of the PLWHA in Bali. Because of his HIV/AIDS status, Budi’s body was also rejected by the residents.

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Pengguna Narkoba akan Direhabilitasi, Tidak Dipenjara

May 13, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Dokumentasi

Sumber ANTARA

Mahkamah Agung (MA)  memutuskan vonis dalam bentuk rehabilitasi bagi pengguna narkoba, sehingga vonis penjara yang diterapkan selama ini tidak akan berlaku lagi.

“Itu keputusan MA yang baru, karena itu kami menyambut gembira karena keputusan itu penting untuk menghindarkan pengguna untuk terjerumus lebih dalam,” kata Sekretaris Umum Badan Narkotika Provinsi (BNP) Jatim, AKBP drs. Soubar Isman SH kepada ANTARA News di Surabaya, Minggu.

Menurut dia, UU Psikotropika selama ini mengganjar pengguna dengan empat tahun penjara untuk pengguna psikotropika golongan I, dua tahun penjara untuk pengguna psikotropika golongan II, dan satu tahun penjara untuk pengguna psikotropika golongan III.

“Hal itu justru membuat pengguna menjadi pecandu dan bahkan 99 persen pengguna akhirnya menjadi pengedar juga, karena itu keputusan MA akan menghukum pengguna dengan vonis PRM atau program rumatan metadon untuk proses penyembuhan,” katanya.

Ia menyatakan ketergantungan terhadap narkoba itu harus disembuhkan secara cepat, karena narkoba memiliki sifat jelek yakni menjerat penggunanya untuk terus menggunakan dan sulit untuk melepaskan diri dari kecanduan itu.

“Paling tidak, keputusan MA itu akan mendorong keberanian majelis hakim di pengadilan untuk menjatuhkan vonis rehabilitasi bagi pengguna, tapi menjatuhkan vonis yang berat bagi pengedar dan bandar,” katanya.

Selama ini, katanya, bandar yang memproduksi sabu-sabu satu ton hanya divonis pengadilan dengan hukuman delapan tahun penjara, seperti dialami produsen Hangky Gunawan.

“Satu ton sabu-sabu itu nilainya bisa mencapai Rp600 miliar, karena itu bandar akan tetap memproduksinya bila tidak dihukum berat dan korban narkoba akan semakin banyak saja. Kalau bisa ya hukum mati saja,” katanya.

Hingga kini, 63 tersangka narkoba dipidana mati, tapi masih tiga pelaku yang dieksekusi mati, sedangkan ratusan tersangka lainnya hanya dihukum ringan.  (*)

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Taiwan Blazes is Trail to Help Drugs User with HIV

April 29, 2009 By: Ikon Bali Category: Dokumentasi

By Marwaan Macan-Markar

Taiwan is emerging as a beacon of hope for countries across Asia grappling to stop the spread of the AIDS epidemic among injecting drug users (IDUs), a major risk group.

The Asian island came in for praise at an international conference here for a successful public health initiative that saw an over 50 percent plunge in the number of new HIV cases among IDUs over a three year period.

In 2005, Taiwan recorded its highest number of new reported cases of people infected with the killer virus – over 3,300 – nearly twice the number recorded the previous year. But, by the end of 2008, the new HIV cases had dropped to 1,752 cases.

The secret to the country’s success was a humane approach to help IDUs through a nation-wide harm reduction campaign, Sheng Mou Hu, the health minister at the time, told participants at the international Harm Reduction conference, held in the Thai capital this week.

“Time proved we were right,” he said. “Our approach was that harm reduction should be based on human rights.”

Consequently, the Taiwanese IDUs were not viewed as criminals for their drug habit – they were presented to the public as “patients” in need of help. The public health initiative launched in 2006 ranged from greater screening and monitoring of drug users living with HIV, a needle exchange programme, and a drug replacement therapy with methadone.

Yet, the initiative sparked a strong public outcry, according the former health minister. “We had a lot of resistance from the media and parliament,” he said.

“No other country in Asia can match Taiwan’s achievement in launching and sustaining this harm reduction programme,” said Ton Smits, executive director of the Asian Harm Reduction Network (AHRN). “In most countries across the region, drug control policies are in direct conflict with HIV-related policy, undermining harm reduction programmes in the region.”

“In southeast Asia, only three percent of people who inject drugs have access to harm reduction services,” added the head of AHRN, which is based in the northern Thai city of Chiang Mai. Furthermore, “harm reduction funding in Asia is facing a financial crisis. There is a 90 percent resource gap to be met for 2009.”

Encouraging signs have emerged in four Asian countries – China, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam – which are heading in the same direction that Taiwan has since 2006. They have taken tentative steps to help IDUs through a public health approach, marking a break from the long tradition of dealing with IDUs through strict law enforcement measures.

But, the region has a long way to go, given that IDUs are ranked as one of the major vulnerable communities through which HIV is transmitted. “It is estimated that in China in 2006, slightly fewer than half the people living with HIV are to have been infected through use of contaminated injecting equipment,” states a 2008 report by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). “Similar scenarios are estimated to be occurring in parts of India, Pakistan and Vietnam.”

Asia currently is home to over five million people living with HIV, out of the global total of 33 million HIV cases.

IDUs number close to 16 million people across 158 countries, according to information released by the International Harm Reduction Association (IHRA), the hosts of the Bangkok conference. “The overwhelming majority [80 percent] live in low- and middle-income countries.”

“The prevalence of HIV among injecting drug users varies considerably around the world,” added a conference background note. “It is estimated that there may be three million injecting drug users who are HIV positive.” Some estimates put the number of IDUs at over 6.6 million.

Yet, resources to help this vulnerable community are limited, adding to the burden IDUs face. “Only 2-3 percent [200-300 million U.S. dollars] of all the available resources for AIDS is spent on harm reduction,” says Gerry Stimson, executive director of IHRA. “If we are serious about reducing HIV infection amongst injecting drug users then we are going to need between two billion U.S. dollars and three billion U.S. dollars this year and the next.”

“Many of us who are drug users and activists are demanding treatment,” says Paisan Suwannawong, co-founder of Thai AIDS Treatment Action Group. “Drug users are punished. Treatment should start by looking at us as human beings.”

Failure to help IDUs living with HIV condemns them to an earlier death than those people living with HIV who are not drug users.

“For someone who is in their 20s with HIV in the developed world, access to antiretroviral drugs ensures they can have 40 more years,” says Michael Kazatchkine, executive director of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. “But IDUs live 12 years less,” said the head of the fund that finances health programmes through governments and non- government organisations to combat the three killer diseases in the developing world. [!]

Source: http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=46632

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